Orthodontic care with braces or aligners is a branch of dentistry that focuses on correcting the alignment and positioning of teeth and jaws to improve both their function and aesthetics. Braces and aligners are two common tools used in orthodontic treatment to achieve these goals.


Traditional braces consist of metal brackets that are glued to the teeth and connected by wires. These wires are periodically adjusted by an orthodontist to gradually move the teeth into their desired positions. Braces are effective in treating a wide range of orthodontic issues, including overcrowding, gaps between teeth, misaligned bites (underbite, overbite, crossbite), and crooked teeth


Aligners are a more discreet alternative to traditional braces. They are made of clear, plastic trays that fit over the teeth. Patients receive a series of aligners, each slightly different in shape, which they wear for a specified period, typically around two weeks. Over time, these aligners gently move the teeth into their desired positions. Invisalign is one of the most well-known brands of aligners.
Here's an overview of the orthodontic care process with braces or aligners:


The first step is an initial consultation with an orthodontist. During this visit, the orthodontist will evaluate your dental and facial structure, take X-rays, photographs, and impressions of your teeth, and discuss your treatment options.

Treatment Planning

Based on the evaluation, the orthodontist will create a customized treatment plan. They will determine whether braces or aligners are more suitable for your specific needs and explain the expected duration of treatment.


If braces are chosen, brackets will be bonded to your teeth, and wires will be attached. For aligners, you will be provided with the initial set and instructions for their use.

Regular Adjustments

With braces, you'll need periodic appointments (usually every 4-8 weeks) for adjustments, where the orthodontist will tighten or replace wires and make any necessary changes. Aligner wearers will receive new sets of aligners at these appointments.


Good oral hygiene is crucial during orthodontic treatment. You'll need to brush and floss regularly, and additional tools like floss threaders or interdental brushes may be needed to clean around braces.


When it is determined that your teeth have reached their desired positions, the braces or aligners will be removed. You might need a retainer to maintain the results and prevent your teeth from shifting back.

Orthodontic treatment can take several months to a few years, depending on the complexity of the case. It is essential to follow your orthodontist's instructions closely to achieve the best results. Orthodontic care not only improves the appearance of your smile but also contributes to better oral health and can address issues like jaw pain or difficulty in chewing